استفاده نادرست از مصدر در زبان انگلیسی

استفاده نادرست از مصدر در زبان انگلیسی

استفاده نادرست از مصدر در زبان انگلیسی

 
الإثنین, جوان 10, 2013

 

با کلمات زیر اسم مصدر استفاده کنید نه مصدر:

آ) بعد از حروف اضافه یا عبارات اضافه:

75. Without, etc. +- ing.

Don’t say: Do your work without to speak.

Say: Do your work without speaking.

بدون...

 

76. Instead of, etc. + - ing.

Don’t say: He went away instead to wait.

Say: He went away instead of waiting.

به جای...

ب) بعد از کلماتی که همیشه با حرف اضافه هستند:

77. Capable of+ -ing.

Don’t say: they’re quite capable to do that.

Say: they’re quite capable of doing that.

توانا...

نکته: هم چنین incapable of، بعد از able , unable  مصدر می آید: he is unable to do anything

78. Fond of+ -ing.

Don’t say: she’s always fond to talk.

Say: she’s always fond of talking.

علاقه مند

79. Insist on+ -ing.

Don’t say: Simon insisted to go to London.

Say: Simon insisted on going to London.

پافشاری کردن...

80. Object to+ -ing.

Don’t say: I object to be treated like this.

Say: I object to being treated like this.

اعتراض کردن...

81. Prevent from+ -ing.

Don’t say: The rain prevented me to go.

Say: The rain prevented me from going.

مانع شدن...

82. Succeed in+ -ing.

Don’t say: Paula succeeded to win the prize.

Say: Paula succeeded in winning the prize.

موفق شدن...

83. Think of+ -ing.

Don’t say: I often think to go to England.

Say: I often think of going to England.

فکر کردن...

84. Tired of+ -ing.

Don’t say: The customer got tired to wait.

Say: The customer got tired of waiting.

خسته شدن...

85. Used to+ -ing.

Don’t say: she’s used to get up early.

Say: she’s used to getting up early.

عادت داشتن...

 

ج) بعد از فعل های خاص:

86. Avoid+ -ing.

Don’t say: You can’t avoid to make mistake.

Say: You can’t avoid making mistake.

اجتناب کردن...

87. Enjoy+ -ing.

Don’t say: I enjoy to play football.

Say: I enjoy playing football.

لذت بردن...

نکته: بعد از افعال به معنی to like or to dislike  می توان از مصدر یا اسم مصدر استفاده کرد: he likes reading English books. Or he likes to read English books

88. Excuse+ -ing.

Don’t say: please excuse me to be late.

Say: please excuse my being late.

Or: please excuse me for being late.

عذر خواستن...

89. Finish+ -ing.

Don’t say: Have you finished to speak?

Say: Have you finished speaking?

به پایان رسیدن...

نکته:  بعد از افعال به معنی شروع کردن می توان از مصدر یا اسم مصدر استفاده کرد: she began to speak. Or she began speaking

90. Go on (continue) + -ing.

Don’t say: The music went on to play all day.

Say: The music went on playing the piano.

ادامه دادن...

هم چنین keep on: she keeps on playing the piano

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این مطلب از بخش آموزش گرامر توسط خانم مونا خدادادیان ارسال گردیده است.

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منبع : باشگاه زبان آموزان انگلیش کمپ

نویسنده مطلب: سید احسان خسروی

سید احسان خسروی
</unco.man\> | IRI- ShDzh | | Uni ; TBZmed | | Health Services Management | | Web & WP Developer | | Seo & Security | | ManUTD | </ul class="Err_9" style="LGG6">

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manicure  ۱۳۹۶/۰۱/۲۰ - ۱۰:۵۴:۰۳

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http://Industriousbedd80.Soup.io  ۱۳۹۶/۰۲/۱۳ - ۰۵:۲۲:۰۷

Outstanding story there. What happened after? Good luck!